第九篇   介  詞 (Preposition)

第九章   容易混淆的介詞  

14.before 與 in front of :

1.

若表示"位置在的前面"現代語裡都用 in front of很少用 before。 如:

(1)

There's a pond in front of the house. (屋前有個池塘。)

(2)

Mary stood in front of Judy. (瑪麗站在茱迪的前面。—— 可能背對著瑪麗,也可能面對著她。)

(3)

John stood in front of me in the line. (行列中約翰站在我前面。)

(4)

Sorry we're late. There was a slow truck in front of us for about twenty minutes. 
(對不起,我們遲到了。有一輛開得很慢的卡車在我們的前面大約有二十分鐘之久。)

(5)

The rabbit was running in front of the dog. (那隻兔子在那隻狗的前面奔跑。)

(6)

A: Where's the post office? (郵局在哪裡? )

B: There it is, just in front of you. (在那裡,就在你前面。)

()

若要表示"位置在…的後面",用 behind (or at the back of)。 如:

(1)

There's an orchard behind (or at the back of) the house. (屋後有個果園。)

(2)

They didn't see me because I hid behind the door. (因為我躲在門後,他們沒有看見我。)

2.

若表示"順序在…之前"用 before不用 in front of。 如:

(1)

Your name comes before mine on the list. (名單上你的名字在我的名字之前。)

(2)

Those with babies got into the streetcar before the others
(帶著小孩的人比別人先上電車。)

(3)

Ladies before gentlemen (= Ladies first). (女士們優先。)

()

若要表示"順序在…之後"用 after,不用 behind。 如:
"Against" comes after "again" in the dictionary. 
(在字典裡 against 是在 again 之後。)

3.

若表示"在(權威人士、長者、群眾等)的面前"時 before。 如:

(1)

He was brought before the judge. (他被帶到法官的面前。)

(2)

He was respectful before his elders and betters.(他在長者、先進的面前恭敬有禮。)

(3)

Don't hesitate to speak out before everyone about the way you've been treated. 
(儘管在大家的面前說出你所受到的待遇不要猶豫。)

(4)

He was nervous before an audience. (在聽眾面前他很緊張。)

4.

在抽象的場合只能用 before不能用 in front of。 如:

(1)

We will never bow before difficulties. (我們永遠不會在困難面前低頭。)

(2)

A bright future lies before you. (光明的前途就在你前面。)

(3)

It is important before everything. (這比什麼都重要。)

(4)

Pride goes before a fall. (驕傲總是走在失敗的前面。—— 驕者必敗。)

()

另有 in the front of 的含義是"在…的前面部位",和 in front of 的含義相去甚遠,不可不辨。 如:

(1)

I always prefer to travel in the front of the bus. (我總是喜歡坐在巴士的前座。)

(2)

I sit in the front of the class.(我坐在班上的前排。)

 

(3) The teacher stands in the front of (×)  the class. (老師站在全班同學的前面。)
in front of (O) 

 

(4) There is a picture in front of (×)      the book.(書的前面〔部分〕有一頁圖畫。)
in the front of (O) 

 

若要表示"在…對面"(如街對面,面對面,房屋對面等)不可用 in front of,應該用 opposite 或facing。 如:   

(5)

I live in an apartment opposite the church.(我住在教堂對面的一間公寓裡。)

(6)

We sat facing (or opposite) each other, not knowing exactly what to say. 
(我們面對面地坐著,不知道該說什麼才好。)