第五篇    動  詞 (Verb)

第七章   語 態   

2.get + p.p.特別用于以下兩種場合:

  1. 用于突然的不尋常的意外的事情 如:

(1)

He got caught by the police driving at 80 through that bridge.

(他以八十的速度駛過那座橋的時候被警察抓到了)

(2)

It was a bad accident, but luckily nobody got hurt.

(那是一次嚴重的事故所幸沒有人受傷)

(3)

My brother got hit by a baseball.

(我弟弟被棒球擊中了)

(4)

I got invited to lots of parties last holidays.

(上次假期我被邀請參加了許多聚會)

(5)

More and more people are getting attacked in the dark these days.

(近來有越來越多的人在黑暗中遭到襲擊)

  1. 用于替自己做的事情尤其在祈使句中相當于V.+-self 如:

(1)

Dont get lost (Dont lose yourself. Dont lose your way.)

(不要迷了路)

(2)

Get dressed and come downstairs at once.

(把衣服穿好立刻下樓來)

(3)

My sister got divorced last year.

(我姐姐去年離了婚)

(4)

Get married as soon as you can.

(你要儘快地結婚)

()

be + p.p.是表示當時的狀態;get + p.p.是表示當時狀態的轉變此外﹐如果某一狀態已經持續了若干時間﹐只可用  be﹐不可用 get如:

(1)

a.

My brother and his sister got engaged last Sunday.

(我哥哥和他姐姐上個星期日訂婚了 —— 原來沒有訂婚﹐到了上星期日轉變了)

b.

She was engaged to John when I knew her.

(我認識她的時候﹐她已經和約翰訂婚了 —— 她和約翰訂婚是在我認識她以前)

(2)

a.

He got hurt while playing.

(他在玩的時候受了傷。—— 本來沒有受傷﹐玩的時候有了轉變。)

b.

He was hurt by a baseball.

(他是被棒球擊傷的。)

本句是表示當時的狀態或情況﹐並非表示轉變。

(3)

Ive been married to you for over twenty years and I still dont know what goes on inside your head.

(我和你結婚已經二十多年了﹐我依然不知道你的腦子裡在想些甚麽。)

        本句裡的have been married是表示狀態的繼續﹐所以不用 have got married