第六篇    動狀詞 (Verbal)

第三章   動名詞  

  1. to+動名詞:

英文裡有兩個 to一個是不定詞的符號 to這個 to 之後必須接原形動詞而成不定詞;另一個 to 則是介詞介詞和及物動詞一樣需要受詞它的受詞可以是名詞或代名詞如果是動詞,則必須加ing字尾變成動名詞以下例句中你所見到的黑體字的 to 都是介詞後面的動詞都必須加上ing字尾千萬不可只用原形動詞

(1)

a.

I'm not used to Taipei traffic conditions.

(我不習慣臺北的交通狀況)

b.

I'm not used to driving in Taipei.

(我不習慣在臺北開車)

(2)

a.

The thief confessed to the crime

(那小偷承認他所犯的罪)

b.

The thief confessed to having stolen the money.

(那小偷承認偷了那筆錢)

(3)

Where should we go for dinner tonight? Would you object to going to the Chinese restaurant?

(今天晚上我們到哪裡去吃飯呢?你反不反對到那家中國餐館?)

(4)

It takes courage to own up to stealing money.

(坦白地承認偷了錢是需要勇氣的)

     own up to 的意思是 ... 完全坦白地供認

(5)

The girls fell to (= began) discussing their boy friends.

(這些女孩子開始談論他們的男朋友)

(33)

As to accepting their demand, we must consider it carefully.

(至於接受他們的要求我們必須審慎地考慮)

(34)

Owing to failing twice, he had no courage to try again.

(因為失敗過兩次 他沒有勇氣再試了)

()

(1)

上面說過可以用名詞或代名詞做受詞的 to 是介詞如果這個 to 的後面是動詞必須加ing字尾可是 inclined prone (都作習性)後面都可接to+名詞或代名詞 但不可接to+動名詞 必須改成不定詞如:

(a) He's inclined 

to laziness. (O)

(他生性懶惰。)

to being lazy. (×)

to be lazy. (O)

(b) He's prone

to anger. (O)

(他容易發怒。)

to being angry. (×)

to be angry. (O)

(2)

agree/consent to 之後既可接原形動詞也可接動名詞但含義不同:agree/consent to+原形動詞是主詞應他人之請求而承諾做某事agree/consent to+所有格+動名詞是主詞允許他人做某事 如:

(a)

He consented (or agreed) to lend me the money from his own pocket. 

(他答應自掏腰包借給我這筆錢)

(b)

They agreed to reserve four tickets for us.

(他們答應保留四張票給我們)

(c)

Mary's father has agreed (or consented) to her marrying a foreigner. 

(瑪麗的父親已經答應她嫁給外國人)

(d)

My father didn't consent to my leaving school.

(我父親不允許我不念書了)

(3)

be/get/become accustomed to 之後雖然常接動名詞 (或名詞或代名詞)但是在英語中也可接原形動詞 (to 結合而成不定詞)而且兩者的含義並無差異如:

(a)

A:

You have to take a bus to school. Are you accustomed to that?

(你得乘公車去上學你覺得習慣嗎?)

B:

I'm not accustomed to taking a bus to school. I'm accustomed to walking to school.

(我不習慣乘公車上學我習慣走路去上學)

(b)

They moved to Alaska. After a while they got accustomed to living (or to live) in a cold climate.

(他們搬到阿拉斯加去了不多久他們就習慣住在氣候寒冷的地區了)