第五篇   動  詞 (Verb)

第九章   助動詞   

3. have to have got to

兩者雖有相同的含義都是作“必須不得不”講但使用的時機與地區並非完全一致不可任意選擇 茲分述如下:

  1. 指習慣性而非某一次的行動時英美的用法都沒有 got 而是用 have to/has to 否定和疑問都和一般動詞一樣該用 do  如:

(1)

I have to go to work every day except Sunday. But I don't have to work a full day on Saturday.

(除了星期天我得每天去上班但星期六我不必工作一整天)

(2) 

She has to do the shopping, cooking and washing, but she doesnt have to do the ironing.C

(她必須採購做飯和洗衣但她不必熨衣服)

(3) 

Do you often have to speak English in your job?C

( 你工作中是不是必須常說英語? )

  1. 指某一次的行動時在正式的談話或寫作中通常都沒有 got但在日常口語中也可用有 got 的形式尤其在英語中再者在極爲隨便的場合有時將 have 省略而只用 got tohave got to 的否定是 havent got to在疑問句裡是將 have 置於主詞之前  如:

(1) 

I dont have enough money to take the bus, so I  have to walk home.

(我的錢不夠乘公共汽車所以我得走路回家)

or: ..., so I have got to walk home.

這種說法美語中有之英語中非常普遍

(2) 

I have got to go (or have to go ) now. I have a class in ten minutes.

(我現在得走了十分鐘後我有一堂課)

have to 的語氣比 have got to 更強

(3)

She has got to do (or has to do ) it at once.

(她非立刻採取行動不可)

(4)

No, I cant go shopping with you. I have got to study (or I have to study ).

(我不能和你一起去買東西我得看書)

(5)

Today is a holiday. I'm glad I havent got to go (or don't have to go ) to school.

(今天是假日我很高興我不必上學)

(6)

What do I have to do (or have I got to do) next?

(下一步我得怎麽辦呢 ? )

(7)

I got to go (= Ive got to go).

(我得走了)